Bibliografía para trabajadores expuestos a benceno y sus derivados

1. ACGIH. TLVs and BEIs Threshold Limit Values, for chemical substances and Physical Agents. Biological Exposure Indices.2007.
2. ACGIH (Compiler) Guide to Occupational Exposure Values 2005.
3. ACGIH Ventilación Industrial 1ª Edición en español Generalitat Valenciana. España1992.

Ver: Apéndices para Trabajadores Expuestos a Benceno y sus Derivados

4. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ATSDR. Toxicological profile for Benzene U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. USA 1999.
5. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ATSDR. Toxicological profile for Toluene U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. USA 2000.
6. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR. Toxicological profile for Xilene U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. USA 1995.
7. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR. Toxicological profile for Ethylbenzene U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Public Health Service. USA 1999.
8. Alexopoulos ec, Chatzis C, Linos A. An analysis of factors that influence personal exposure to toluene and xylene in residents of Athens, Greece. BMC public health 2006;6:50.
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10. Altmann L, Neuhann HF, Kramer U, et al: Neurobehavioral and neurophysiological outcome of chronic low-level tetrachloroethene exposure measured in neighborhoods of dry cleaning shops. Environ Res 1995 May; 69(2): 83-9
11. Amador R, Lundberg I, Escalona E. Desarrollo de un cuestionario en castellano sobre síntomas neurotóxicos. Salud de los trabajadores. 1994;volumen 2 nº American Industrial Hygiene Association. A Strategy for Assessing and Managing Occupational Exposures. Third Edition. Fairfax. VA 22031. USA
12. Anon. Human aspects of solvent neurobehavioral effects. Neurotoxicology 1986;7:43-56.
13. Atchinson DA, Boziman KJ, Vingrys A. Quantitative scoring methods for d15 panel tests in the diagnosis of congenital color vision deficiencies. Optometry and vision science. 1991: 68(1): 41-48.
14. Bello J, López A, Fundamentos de Ciencia Toxicológica, Editorial Díaz de Santos, Madrid España 2001 Pp.255-270.
15. Beverly S. Cohen and Susanne V. Hering (Editors). Air Sampling Instruments. Chapter 2: Occupational Air Sampling Strategies by Rock James C., 8th Edition, ACGIH, Cincinnati, Ohio, EE.UU. 1995.
16. Bleecker margit l. Neurotoxicology: an overview. Center occupational and environmental neurology. 1995.
17. Bolla K, Roca R: Neuropsychiatric sequelae of occupational exposure to neurotoxins. In: Bleeker ML, Hansen JA, eds. Occupational Neurology and Clinical Neurotoxicology. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 1994.
18. Broadwell DK, Darcey DJ, Hudnell HK, et al: Work-site clinical and neurobehavioral assessment of solvent-exposed microelectronics workers. Am J Ind Med 1995 May; 27(5): 677-98.
19. Brouwer DH, de Pater NA, Zomer C, Lurvink MW, van Hemmen JJ. An experimental study to investigate the feasibility to classify paints according to neurotoxicological risks: occupational air requirement (OAR) and indoor use of alkyd paints. Ann Occup Hyg. 2005 Jul; 49(5):443-51. Epub 2005 Mar 24.
20. Brown EA, Shelley ML, Fisher JW. A pharmacokinetic study of occupational and environmental benzene exposure with regard to gender Risk Anal. 1998 Apr;18(2):205-213.
21. Brugnone F, Perbellini L, Romeo L, Bianchin M, Tonello A, Pianalto G, Zambon D. Benzene in environmental air and human blood. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.1998; 71: 554-559.
22. Bullock W, Ignacio J, A strategy for assessing and managing occupational exposures. AIHA Third Edition. Virginia, EEUU. 2006.
23. Cassarett and Doull`s Toxocology, Quinta edición. Edit Mc.Graw Hill, U.S.A. 1996. Pp.643-690, 737-773.
24. Chang F, Chen M, Cheng S, Shih T, Mao I. Protective suits and gloves evaluated by biomonitoring. Occup. Environ. Med. 2007;64;759-762.
25. Chang F, Chen M, Sheng S, Shii T, Mao I. Dermal Absorption of Solvents as a Major Source of Exposure Among Shipyard Spray Painters. J Occup Environ Med. 2007;49:430 – 436.
26. Chen R, Semple S, Dick F, et al. Nasal, eye, and skin irritation in dockyard painters. Occup Environ Med 2001; 58:542-3.
27. Chiara S, Silvano F, Bruno P. Environmental and biological monitoring of occupational exposure to organic micropollutans in gasoline. Chemosfere 2001; 44: 67-82.
28. Chouaniere D, Wild P, Fontana JM, Hery M, Fournier M, Subra I. Neurobehavioral disturbances arising from occupational toluene exposure. Am j ind med 2002 feb; 41(2):77-88.
29. Cohen B S; Hering S V (Eds) Air Sampling Instruments for Evaluation of Atmospheric Contaminants. 8th Ed. Part I The Measurement Process Part II Instrumentation ACGIH USA 1995.
30. Colman R, Coleman A. Unexpected cause of raised benzene absorption in coke oven by-product workers. SO – Occup Med (Lond) 2006 Jun;56(4):269-271
31. Colton CE. The occupational environment Its evaluation and control respiratory protection. AIHA USA 1998.
32. Corsi G, Maestrelli P, Picotti G, et al: Chronic peripheral neuropathy in workers with previous exposure to carbon disulphide. Br J Ind Med 1983 May; 40(2): 209-11.
33. Decreto 1274 por el cual se promulga el Convenio 136 de la OIT relativo a la protección contra los riesgos de intoxicación por el Benceno. Diario Oficial 43069. Colombia 1997.
34. Deschamps D., Garnier R., Lille F., et al. Evoked Pot. and cerebral blood flow insolvent induced psycho-organic syndrome Br- J. Ind. Med. 50 (4), 1993.
35. Deschamps D, Geraud C, Dally S. Cognitive funtions in workers exposed to toluene- Int. Arch. Occup Environ Health. 2001; 74:285-288.
36. Dick F, Semple S, Osborne A, et al. Organic solvent exposure, genes, and risk of neuropsychological impairment. QJM 2002;95:379-87.
37. Edling C, Ekberg K, Ahlborg G Jr, et al. Long-term follow up of workers exposed to solvents. Br J Ind Med 1990; 47:75-82.
38. Eller N, Netterstrom B, Laursen P. Risk of chronic effects on the central nervous system at low toluene exposure. Occup. Med. 1999; 49 (6): 389-395.
39. Espinosa M.T., M.P. Rojas, M.L. Bernal, A. Araque, M. Vélez, J.M. López. Manual de agentes carcinógenos, de los grupos 1 y 2 A de la IARC, de interés ocupacional para Colombia. Ministerio de la Protección Social. Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Colombia. 2006.
40. Eun-hee L. Acquired dyschromatopsia among petrochemical industry workers exposed to benzene. Neurotoxicology 28 (2007) 356-363.
41. Feldman RG, Ratner MH, Ptak T: Chronic toxic encephalopathy in a painter exposed to mixed solvents. Environ Health Perspect 1999 May; 107(5): 417-22.
42. Freed DM, Kandel E: Long-term occupational exposure and the diagnosis of dementia. Neurotoxicology 1988 Fall; 9(3): 391-400.
43. Fuente A, Mcpherson B. Organic solvents and hearing loss: the challenge for audiology. Int j audiol 2006 jul;45(7):367-381.
44. Fontenot AP, Pelak VS: Development of neurologic symptoms in a 26-year-old woman following recovery from methanol intoxication. Chest 2002 Oct; 122(4): 1436-9.
45. Gestis-Analytical Methods for Chemical Agents at Workplaces. EU Project BC/CEN/ENTR/000/2002-16):
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47. Gobba F. Color vision: a sensitive indicator of exposure to neurotoxins. Neurotoxicology 2000 oct;21(5):857-862.
48. Greenberg M.M. The central nervous system and exposure to toluene: a risk characterization Environ Res 1997 Jan; 72(1):1-7.
49. Gregersen P. Neurotoxic effects of organic solvents in exposed workers: two controlled follow-up studies after 5.5 and 10.6 years. Am J Ind Med 1988; 14:681-701.
50. Guide for the adjustment of permisible exposure values (PEVs) for inusual work Schedules 2nd edition revised and updated Studies and research projects Technical Guide Institut de Recherché Robert-Sauvé en Santé et en Sécurité du Travail. IRSST Québec canadá 2004. Páginas web: y
51. Hanna R. Six interaction profiles for simple mixtures. Chemosphere. 2003; 53: 183-197.
52. Herskowitz A, Ishii N, Schaumburg H. N-hexane neuropathy. A syndrome occurring as a result of industrial exposure. N Engl J Med 1971;285:82-5.
53. Hogstedt C., Lundberg L. Epidemiology of occupat neurobehav. Liozards. Methodological experiences from organic solvent research. Rev. Epidemiol. Sante Publique 40, Sppl. 1, 1992.
54. IARC (1987). Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Overall evaluations of carcinogenicity: An updating of IARC Monographs Volumes 1 to 42. Supplement 7. IARC
55. IARC. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Vol. 29, Suppl. 7, 1987.
56. IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans Occupational Exposures in Petroleum Refining; Crude Oil and Major Petroleum Fuels. Lyon: IARC; 1989; Vol. 45, pág 159.
57. IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer. Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Some Organic Solvents, Resin Monomers and Related Compounds, Pigments and Occupational Exposures in Paint Manufacture and Painting. Lyon: IARC; 1989; Vol. 47, pág 43.
58. Ikeda M. Exposure to complex mixture: Implications for biological monitoring Toxicology letters 1995; 77: 85-91.
59. INSHT. Agencia Europea para la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo. Fichas y notas prácticas. Facts 35: La comunicación de la información relativa a la sustancias peligrosas. ISSN 1681-2085. Bélgica. 2003
60. INSHT Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo. Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos presentes en los lugares de trabajo relacionados con agentes químicos. Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales España. 2003. Versión electrónica:
61. INSHT Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo. Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales. Métodos de mediciones para agentes químicos. Apéndice 5. Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos presentes en los lugares de trabajo relacionados con agentes químicos. España. 2003. Versión electrónica:
62. INSTH. Tubos colorimétricos. Métodos de toma de muestras y análisis de contaminantes químicos en el aire (MTCQA-e). España. 2000. Versión electrónica
63. INSHT Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo. Límites de exposición profesional para agentes químicos. Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales. España 2007. Versión electrónica.
64. INSHT NTP 748: Guantes de protección contra productos químicos. Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo. Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales. España. 2003. Versión electrónica:
65. International labor office (ILO). International chemical control Toolkit Implementado en 2004. Ginebra. Suiza. Versión electrónica:
66. Javelaud B, Vian L, Molle R, Allain P, Allemand B, Andre B, Barbier F. Benzene exposure in car mechanics and road tanker drivers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1998; 71: 277-283
67. Jewett, D., Head. G, and Chimento, T. Pheripheral neurotoxicity testing by pairs of stimuli. Neurobehav. Toxicol. and Teratol vol 7(4), 1985.
68. Jovanic JM, Jovanovich MM, Spasic MJ: Peripheral nerve conduction study in workers exposed to a mixture of organic solvents in the paint and lacquer industry. Croat Med J 2004; 45: 769-74.
69. Kramer A y otros, Occupational chronic exposure to organic solvents XVII. Ambient and biological monitoring of workers exposed to xylenes. Int Arch Occup Environ Health (1999) 72: 52-55
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72. LaDou J. MEDICINA LABORAL, Edit. Manual Moderno, cuarta reimpresión de Primera Edición, México 1998. Edición en ingles 2006.
73. Leung, Hon-Wing and Paustenbach, Dennis J. Application of Pharmacokinetics to Derive Biological Exposure Indexes from Threshold Limit Values, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 49:9, 445- 450 1988.
74. Ley 55 de 1993. Convenio sobre la seguridad en la utilización de los productos químicos en el trabajo. Diario oficial año CXXIX. N.40936.6 Julio. Santafé de Bogotá D.C.1993.

75. Lomax RB, Ridgway P, Meldrum M. Does occupational exposure to organic solvents affect colour discrimination? Toxicol rev 2004;23(2):91-121.
76. Lorenzo P, Ladero JM, Leza JC. Drogodependencias. Editorial Médica panamericana. Madrid – España 1998.
77. Longstreth WT: Central nervous system disorders, neurological and psychological disorders. In: Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, eds. Textbook of Clinical, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1994.
78. Manini P, Andreoli R, Poli D, Mozzoni P, Folesani G, Mutti A, Apostoli P. Environmental and biological monitoring of benzene exposure in a cohort of Italian taxi drivers. Toxicology Letters. 2006; 167: 142-151.
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83. Mergler D, Blain L, Lagacé JP. Solvent related colour vision loss: an indicator of neural damage? Int arch occup environ health. 1987; 59: 313-321.
84. Mergler D, Bélanger S, De grosbois S, Vachon N. Chromal focus of acquired chromatic discrimination loss and solvent exposure among printshop workers. Toxicology. 1988; 49: 341-348.
85. Ministerio de la Protección Social. Guía de Atención Integral Basada en la Evidencia para Neumoconiosis (Silicosis, Neumoconiosis del minero de carbón y Asbestosis). Bogotá. Colombia. 2006.
86. Ministerio de la Protección Social. Manual Guía sobre Procedimientos para la Rehabilitación y Reincorporación Ocupacional de los Trabajadores en Sistema General de Riesgos Profesionales. Bogotá: La Entidad, 2004.
87. Ministerio de trabajo y asuntos sociales de España. Los disolventes y la salud. Riesgos y prevención. Folletos y documentos breves. Higiene industrial. Versión electrónica.
88. Mirkova E, Antov G, Zaikov K, Ganchovska V. Evaluation of inhalation toxicity of organic solvent xylene in pregnant rats. Probl Khig. 1982; 7:60-67.
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90. National Institute Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). ORGANIC SOLVENT Neurotoxicity, en Current Intelligence Bulletin 48. Marzo 1987.
91. National institute on drug abuse. Assessing neurotoxicity of drugs of abuse. U.S. department of health and human services. Public health service. Rockville,1993
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93. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. NIOSH Respirator selection logic 2004. Versión electrónica:
94. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. NIOSH. Hydrocarbons, Aromatic. Method 1501 March 2003 Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM), Fourth Edition. Versión electrónica:
95. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. 2005. Versión electrónica Benceno:
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